Front Street 1890





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P.O. Box 118826
Carrollton, TX  75011-8826



Beginning of the Texas Rangers in Montague County Texas

The badge is the earliest know authenticated badge. Circa 1889.
In the beginning they used warrants issued by the State of Texas Adjutant General's Office

Click here for interesting information about these warrants and badges.



The Texas rangers were organized in 1859 by the State, and a company was stationed at Brushy Mound, in this county. The commander of this company was Captain John Scanlon. They received pay from the State for their services at this time.

Previous to this they had soldiers stationed at Belknap and other places.

A crisis arose in Montague County when Texas seceded from the Union. Not only were they called upon to raise companies for the Confederate service, but after the secession the Federal troops were with- drawn and the frontier was left practically unprotected from the Indians. Indian attacks were be- coming so frequent that it became necessary for the men to organize what was called "minute men" or "home militia" for the protection of their lives and property.

This organization was a branch of the Confederate service and subject to their regulation. After the war these companies disbanded, and the government put in Northern soldiers. These companies, however, were not large enough to afford a sufficient protection to the people.

After the election of Governor Pease he ordered a regiment of rangers down the frontier to protect the settlers from the Indian attacks. Bud Morris, who was a State ranger on the frontier during the war, was made captain of the first company, and Levi Ferryman was appointed captain of the second company. They were given one hundred men each.

Scarcely were they organized, and before they had seen any service, they received orders from General Canby of San Antonio to disband. Immediately following this Bud Morris went to New Orleans to interview General Hancock, commander of the Fifth Military District. He laid before him, in strong terms, a plea for the protection of the helpless frontier against the merciless Indians. But all to no purpose. The general replied to his request very courteously, but told him it was against the policy of the government to allow Southern men to be in arms, that he would furnish ample protection. This he failed to do.

Mr. Morris returned and assisted in organizing the home guards and the settlers defended their homes as best they could. After the new Constitution was adopted, when every citizen was allowed to vote, the first officers elected were (so far as could be learned) :

W. T. Wayborne, Sheriff and Collector.

Bud Morris, District and County Clerk.

J. A. Gordon, Chief Justice.

Cattle raising was the principal pursuit for many years. As has been stated, the Indians were a great drawback to farming. They would steal the horses, leaving nothing but oxen to plough with, and many times would kill them. Men ploughed wearing two six-shooters in their belts and a Spencer rifle on the plow as protection from the Indians.

  (Mrs. Fannie Bellows Potter - Bowie, Texas)


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